Changing the Nomenclature/Taxonomy for Intersex: A Scientific and Clinical Rationale

by Alice Dreger, Cheryl Chase, Aron Sousa, Joel Frader, and Philip Gruppuso, in the Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism 2005; 18: 729-733.

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When we wrote this, medical writers and clinicians still sometimes used the terms hermaphroditism and pseudo-hermaphroditism to talk about intersex conditions. I traced the political and scientific origins of this nomenclature in my book Hermaphrodites and the Medical Invention of Sex. Today, it is scientifically outdated and harms patients, parents, and clinicians. So this article aimed to convince clinicians to give up this system and implement a new one.